Create a decking

Making a decking can be done in different ways. Of course we have to start at the beginning. What kind of wood can be used for the decking? We advise to build a new decking out of tropical hardwood. All other non tropical types of wood will not last long. Tropical hardwood has the only sustainable properties. Furthermore, the wood has a fantastic appearance, it is strong, durable and very easy to process.

View our entire range of hardwood decking boards here

HOW THICK SHOULD THE DECKING BOARDS BE?

Usually decking boards are made from planks with a standard width of 14,5 cm. You can choose planks of different thicknesses, the planks are 2,1 cm or 2,8 cm thick. The choice of thickness also determines the durability and strength of the wood. Of course, a thinner plank is still a fine piece of wood. The thinner boards are very suitable for private applications, decks that are used less intensively. Will the decking be laid in a public area where there is a lot of weight and where wear and tear plays a major role? Then choose the thicker version of the decking boards.

WIDER DECKING BOARDS

The market is increasingly asking for wider decking boards, i.e. wider than the standard 14,5 cm. This has made us decide to offer a wider board. Of course this offer will continue to exist next to the regular floorboards. We have them in 23 cm and even in 28 cm width.

TOOLS REQUIRED TO BUILD A DECKING BOARD

  • A long spirit level
  • An iron mallet A heavy rubber hammer
  • A drill including a bit holder
  • A rake
  • A shovel
  • A Stanley knife
  • A hand saw, but preferably a hand circular saw or circular saw table.
  • 1 or 2 persons with light construction experience are desirable

STEP 1 TO BUILD A DECKING

Determine where you want the decking. It can be easy to mark out the contours of the decking with small picket lines. Level the ground with a shovel and a rake. If the decking is more than 50 cm high, it is not necessary to level the ground. However, we recommend that you always level the ground in order to facilitate further construction. It is advisable to always make the decking 20 cm off the ground. This ensures that the bottom of the decking can dry out well in the autumn. Lay root canvas on the levelled ground so that no weeds can grow under the floor board.

STEP 2 TO BUILD A WOODEN DECKING, THE PICKET POLES AND UNDERLAY

First determine the direction of the decking you are going to build. Bear in mind that the lower beams should be placed at right angles under the decking. This means that when the floor boards are in line, the lower beam lies across.

Place the first lower beam on the ground. Place a stake on both sides of the lower beam and drive the stake into the ground. Then level the lower beam and screw it to the stake.

First floor beam - Decking

After this first step, determine the distance between the lower beams. This is always 40 cm. Then place the second lower beam on the ground and measure the distance to the first lower beam. Drive the second lower beam again into the ground on both sides. Adjust the level of this second lower beam and also in relation to the first lower beam. This ensures that the deck will eventually be straight and level.

After the first two lower beams, you can proceed with the installation of the picket stakes. Drive a stake into the ground every metre and secure it to the sub-structure with two screws.

STEP 3 INSTALL THE DECK ON THE JOISTS

At Hardwood Discount we supply 3 types of decking boards with which you can build the terrace (e.g. decking boards). This determines the procedure for making the deck. We will cover all 3 in this manual. When laying the decking boards always make sure that you leave a space of 1.5 cm between any walls so that the wood still has room to work.

Type 1: Decking boards 14,5 cm wide with a click system. The length of the boards is always a maximum of 3 metres. The click system automatically ensures a distance of 8 mm between the planks. Screws are out of sight.

Type 2: Decking boards 14,5 cm wide without click system. Length of the boards is 3 metres or more. Screws are screwed in the middle of the plank and remain visible.

Type 3: So-called castle floor decking. These boards can be delivered in a width of 23 or 28 cm. These boards have a click system. The length of the planks is always a maximum of 3 metres. Supplied with spacers. Screws are out of sight.

INSTALLATION OF TYPE 1 FLOOR BOARDS

The result is beautiful because the screws are out of sight. The boards have metal clips with screw holes. There are grooves in the side of the boards so that the metal clips can be fitted into the boards. It is easy to compare with click laminate. With these boards you start in a corner of the decking with a whole board. Do not screw the boards but the metal clips to the underlay. Use 2 screws per clip.

Installing type 1 - Making a decking

INSTALLATION OF TYPE 2 FLOOR BOARDS

With these floor boards you screw the boards by means of 2 screws through the board. This is the traditional way of laying a floor board. In order to ensure a more beautiful result you can stretch a rope over the boards so that you always screw at the same place and so that a nice straight line of screws is created. Type 2 planks are available in lengths of over 3 metres, but the disadvantage is that the planks are not always entirely straight. To compensate for this, the boards have to be tightened with a tensioning band, which is quite intensive work. Therefore we advise you to use type 1 or 3 decking boards, because the click system makes it possible to compensate these differences.

Installation type 2 - Making a decking

ASSEMBLING TYPE 3 FLOORBOARDS

The castle floor decking boards are a lot wider, which makes it easier to make the terrace. These boards are also supplied with a click system but this differs from the type 1 boards. This is a D-strip click system. You first screw this system to the underside of the floor boards. Then you turn the board around and screw the end of the strip onto the underlay. For the next plank you screw the strip again on the underside of the plank, taking the previous plank into account and making sure the strip is on the inside or outside of the previous plank. Another advantage of the strip is that the boards will no longer be hollow or curved.

Installing type 3 - making a decking

For the planks with a click-system it does not matter that the short sides of the planks do not meet on an under beam. These boards also have grooves on the short sides that interlock. As mentioned earlier, this is very similar to laying click laminate.

STEP 4 FINISHING THE TERRACE

When you reach the end of your decking, saw off the board. If the piece you saw off is 40 cm. or longer, then start with this piece on the next track. If it is shorter, you can consider it as waste and maybe make a nice planter or something else out of it. Any excessively long beams or planks can be sawn off as a very last step, and the sides can be finished off with a standing or edge board.

After you have screwed down all the boards and sawed them off, one last task remains - sweeping away the splinters on the deck. You are now ready to put the garden furniture on the decking. You can also extend it. For example, you can build a shed or a roof. 

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